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Santiago High School's Student News Site

Shark Attack

Santiago High School's Student News Site

Shark Attack

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What to expect during April’s total solar eclipse

What to expect during Aprils total solar eclipse
What to expect during April’s total solar eclipse

Skywatchers across North America will be able to witness a total solar eclipse on April 8, which will pass over Mexico, the United States, and Canada.

The event will be visible to millions, including 32 million people in the US who live along the path of the moon’s shadow, known as the path of totality. For those in areas experiencing totality, the moon’s shadow will completely cover the sun. According to NASA, people living along the center line of the path will see an eclipse that will last between 3 and 4 minutes.

What is a total solar eclipse?

A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes the Earth and the Sun, completely blocking the sun’s face. Those within the path of totality, or places where the moon’s shadow completely covers the sun, will see a total solar eclipse. People outside the path of totality will still see a partial solar eclipse, where the moon only blocks part of the sun’s face.

During a total solar eclipse, the sky will darken as it would at dawn or dusk, and there are several stages of the eclipse that sky watchers can anticipate.

The moon does not suddenly appear between the Earth and the sun. The event begins with a partial eclipse in which it seems that the moon is taking a “bite” into the sun, making the sun look like a crescent. Depending on your location, the partial eclipse can last between 70 and 80 minutes, according to NASA.

What to Expect
Total solar eclipse.

Where to see the eclipse

The solar eclipse will be visible in Mexico, Canada, and more than 10 US states. In contrast, weather permitting, a crescent-shaped partial solar eclipse is expected to appear in 49 states.

The eclipse will first appear over the South Pacific Ocean and begin its journey across North America. Mexico’s Pacific coast is the first point of totality on the path, expected for 11:07 a.m. PT (2:07 p.m. ET).

The path will continue through Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. It will then cross Canada in southern Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia, ending on the Atlantic coast of Newfoundland at 5:16 p.m. (3:46 p.m. ET).

Total solar eclipse 2024: Here's what you need to know | AP News
Total solar eclipse 2024.

How to see the eclipse safely

According to NASA, the only time it is safe to see the sun without eye protection is during the “totality” of a total solar eclipse or the brief moments when the moon completely blocks the sunlight, and no sunlight is seen.

Otherwise, wear certified eclipse glasses that meet ISO 12312-2 or use a hand-held solar viewer before and after totality and at all times during a partial eclipse.
Separately, you can observe the sun with a telescope, binoculars, or a camera that has a special solar filter on the front, which acts in the same way that eclipse glasses would.

 

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About the Contributor
Eyron Guox
Eyron Guox, Staff Writer
Eyron Guox (12) is currently a senior at Santiago School and plans to attend Norco College where he wants to learn more and then attend a university where he can be accepted and excel. As a student and learner of the English Language, he wants to exceed his limits in speaking English and communicate well, and he hopes to obtain what he wants by knowing English and be able to improve himself as a student and human. He likes to help everyone with what they need or what he can help them with because he knows they need help and his goal is to be able to do something for others, like helping families without homes or those who do not have a family to help.
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